Online Learning

Online Learning can be Synchronous or Asynchronous. When teachers and students are online at the same time, it is synchronous learning; and when there is flexibility for teachers and students to not be online at the same time, it is asynchronous learning.


A significant part of online learning is the use of technology to enhance the quality of the lessons or courses being created.

To ease into online learning, first we need to substitute the resources used by students and teachers, expand the use of existing resources and then modify and introduce new resources to ensure it is an easy process that supports the main idea of online learning – Transforming Learning. The video on this link explains the four different levels of integrating technology in classrooms using SAMR model.

Steps to follow to create online programmes

Step 1 : Build Rapport

  • Familiarise tutors and other team members
  • Know the learners
  • Familiarise learners with each other

Step 2 : Set guidelines and expectations

  • Minimum technical requirements should be made clear
  • Set communication guidelines – emails, discussion forum, office hours etc
  • Time commitment needed by learners
  • Engagement expectations (In forums, lessons etc).
  • Digital Citizenship
  • Availability
  • Provide clear guidance and expectations on what students need to do and what they do not need to do

(Tip : Create a quiz to assess their understanding of expectations laid out)

Step 3 : Establishing Learning Outcomes

Step 4 : Establish Scope and Sequence

  • Organise content properly and link to the curriculum and learning outcomes. Use a timeline so students can track their progress
  • Be consistent with the naming scheme in your curriculum, file names, lesson names, folder names etc. References to the digital content should be consistent with the curriculum.
  • Units and modules
  • Pacing
  • Sharing and curating of files and resources
  • Stretch and Challenge
  • Provide rubrics for writing assignments for levels of quality for written assignments.

Step 5 : Communication

  • Keep learners informed using tools such as Emails, Twitter, Blog, Slack, Teams, LMS, conference, announcement tools.
  • Foster collaborative environment. Encourage learner-to-learner communication.
  • Provide a choice of social networking and social bookmarking tools to learners.
  • Maintaining online presence through twitter, forums, blogs etc.
  • Student Moderators / Champions to facilitate discussions.

Step 6 : Tracking Progress

  • Provide Formative and Summative Feedback through various channels
    • Formative ( Quizzes for students to check their own learning, 1:1 conversation, surveys, Rough drafts, Think-Pair-Share, Venn diagrams, Assignments with checklist of mini goals)
    • Summative (Test, Final Exam, Project, Presentation)
  • External Awards
    • Badges
    • Leadership boards
    • Showcase student content – Showcase best work on class blog, website internally or with external organisations.
  • Personalize the feedback. Mention positive behaviours in conferences, discussions etc.

Step 7 : Inclusion

  • Hearing impaired(Closed Captions)
  • Vision Impaired (Voice Reading)
  • Colour Blindness
  • Cultural Diversity
  • Use Edtech tools effectively to increase interactivity and enhance the lectures/presentations,
Visit the EdTech page to find some useful tools that you can use in your practise.

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